The Resource Utility of wire cages, tree shelters, and repellants to minimize herbivory to oak by white-tailed deer, James N. Kochenderfer, W. Mark Ford

Utility of wire cages, tree shelters, and repellants to minimize herbivory to oak by white-tailed deer, James N. Kochenderfer, W. Mark Ford

Label
Utility of wire cages, tree shelters, and repellants to minimize herbivory to oak by white-tailed deer
Title
Utility of wire cages, tree shelters, and repellants to minimize herbivory to oak by white-tailed deer
Statement of responsibility
James N. Kochenderfer, W. Mark Ford
Creator
Contributor
Subject
Language
eng
Summary
We evaluated the efficacy of exclusion cages and commercially available repellants in deterring white-tailed deer (Odocoileus virginianus) herbivory on northern red oak (Quercus rubra) and chestnut oak (Q. montana ) stump sprouts and planted red oak seedlings following a commercial clearcut harvest in West Virginia. Our treatments included application of two repellants (Deer Away® and Plantskydd®) for cut stumps and seedlings and wire cages for cut stumps or 1.5-m-tall tree shelters for seedlings. Numbers of chestnut oak stumps and northern red oak stumps with sprouts or northern red oak seedlings surviving over three growing seasons were relatively high and were equitably distributed among treatments. After three growing seasons, only 17 percent of the sheltered northern red oak seedlings reached 1.5 m in height and out of reach of deer whereas no seedlings in the other treatments reached that height. For northern red oak and chestnut oak, more caged stumps, 75 percent and 36 percent, respectively, produced sprouts reaching 1.5 m than did stumps treated with repellants or those left untreated. For northern red oak stumps, 65 percent sprayed with Plantskydd and 58 percent sprayed with Deer Away produced sprouts reaching 1.5 m whereas for chestnut oak stumps, only 25 percent sprayed with Deer Away and 15 percent sprayed with Plantskydd produced sprouts reaching 1.5 m. Regardless of treatment, the probability of a stump sprout reaching 1.5 m for both species declined as residual stump diameter increased. The continuous protection from browsing coupled with low material costs makes the use of wire cages around cut-stumps a potential alternative to the use of deer repellants or artifi cial seedling establishment to enhance and maintain oak following regeneration harvests
Member of
Cataloging source
ORE
http://library.link/vocab/creatorName
Kochenderfer, J. N
Government publication
federal national government publication
Index
no index present
Literary form
non fiction
Nature of contents
  • dictionaries
  • bibliography
http://library.link/vocab/relatedWorkOrContributorName
  • Ford, W. Mark
  • United States
Series statement
Research paper NRS
Series volume
5
http://library.link/vocab/subjectName
  • White-tailed deer
  • Oak
  • Oak
  • Oak
Label
Utility of wire cages, tree shelters, and repellants to minimize herbivory to oak by white-tailed deer, James N. Kochenderfer, W. Mark Ford
Link
http://purl.access.gpo.gov/GPO/LPS104855
Instantiates
Publication
Note
  • Title from title screen (viewed on Oct. 31, 2008)
  • "May 2008."
Bibliography note
Includes bibliographical references (pages 6-8)
Carrier category
online resource
Carrier category code
cr
Carrier MARC source
rdacarrier
Color
mixed
Content category
text
Content type code
txt
Content type MARC source
rdacontent
Control code
17595704
Dimensions
unknown
Extent
8 pages
Form of item
electronic
Media category
computer
Media MARC source
rdamedia
Media type code
c
Other physical details
digital, PDF file.
Specific material designation
remote
System details
Mode of access: Internet from the Forest Service web site. Address as of 10/31/08: http://nrs.fs.fed.us/pubs/rp/rp%5Fnrs5.pdf ; current access available via PURL
Label
Utility of wire cages, tree shelters, and repellants to minimize herbivory to oak by white-tailed deer, James N. Kochenderfer, W. Mark Ford
Link
http://purl.access.gpo.gov/GPO/LPS104855
Publication
Note
  • Title from title screen (viewed on Oct. 31, 2008)
  • "May 2008."
Bibliography note
Includes bibliographical references (pages 6-8)
Carrier category
online resource
Carrier category code
cr
Carrier MARC source
rdacarrier
Color
mixed
Content category
text
Content type code
txt
Content type MARC source
rdacontent
Control code
17595704
Dimensions
unknown
Extent
8 pages
Form of item
electronic
Media category
computer
Media MARC source
rdamedia
Media type code
c
Other physical details
digital, PDF file.
Specific material designation
remote
System details
Mode of access: Internet from the Forest Service web site. Address as of 10/31/08: http://nrs.fs.fed.us/pubs/rp/rp%5Fnrs5.pdf ; current access available via PURL

Library Locations

    • Indiana State LibraryBorrow it
      315 W. Ohio St., Indianapolis, IN, 46202, US
      39.77004 -86.164015

Library Links

Processing Feedback ...